School of
Integrative Biology
Samuel Beshers

318B Morrill Hall
Office: (217) 333-4971

Mail: 320 Morrill Hall, 505 S. Goodwin Ave, Urbana, IL 61801

Samuel Beshers
Retired--Neuroscience Program Coordinator
and Entomology Affiliate

Organization and behavior of ant colonies

Beshers is interested in the organization and design of biological systems; his research focuses on the behavior of social insect colonies and in particular the division of labor in ants. The research involves questions of mechanism, process, and evolution: to understand how the behavior of a colony results from the combined actions and decisions of its workers, and to understand the organizational design of a colony, and to understand how this design contributes to its efficiency. His current work involves a combination of experiments and simulation models of division of labor. He is doing experiments with laboratory colonies of leaf-cutter ants (Atta colombica) and computer simulations of a response threshold model of division of labor. This model is based on the hypothesis that the principal cause of division of labor is variation among workers in a colony in their responsiveness to stimuli that signal the needs for the various tasks (such as tending queen and larvae, maintaining nest and fungus gardening, foraging and defending the colony) to be done. The aim is for the model to generate quantitative predictions that can be tested against actual data. This research will lead to insights into the behavioral programming of workers, the stimuli by which workers detect task needs, and the self-regulation and organization of insect colonies. The work is being done in collaboration with Dr. Gene Robinson in the Department of Entomology and Dr. Jay Mittenthal in the Department of Cell and Structural Biology.

Representative Publications

Traniello, J. F. A. and S. N . Beshers 1991. Polymorphism and size-pairing in the harvester ant Pogonomyrmex badius: a test of the ecological release hypothesis. Insectes Sociaux 38, 121-127.

Traniello, J. F. A. and S. N. Beshers 1991. Maximization of foraging efficiency and resource defense by group retrieval in the ant Formica schaufussi. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 29, 283-290.

Beshers, S. N. and J. F. A. Traniello 1994. The adaptiveness of worker demography in the weakly polymorphic attine ant Trachymyrmex septentrionalis. Ecology 75, 763- 775

Beshers, S. N. and J. F. A. Traniello 1996. Polyethism and the adaptiveness of worker size variation in the Attine ant Trachymyrmex septentrionalis. J. Insect Behav. 9, 61-83.

Robson, S. K. and S. N. Beshers 1997. Division of labour and foraging for work simulating reality versus the reality of simulations. Animal Behav. 53, 214-218.

Sivinski, J. M., J. E. Lloyd, S. N. Beshers, L. R. Davis, R. G. Sivinski, S. R. Wing, R. T. Sullivan, P. E. Cushing and E. Petersson 1998. A natural history of Pleotomodes needhami Green (Coleoptera: Lampyridae): a firefly symbiont of ants. Coleopterists Bull. 52, 23-30.

Beshers, S. N., G. Robinson and J. Mittenthal. Response thresholds and division of labor in social insects. In: C Detrain, J Pasteels, J-L Deneubourg (eds): Information Processing in Social Insects. Birkhauser Verlag. In press.