Will more rain mean more risk of mosquito-borne disease?
Editor’s note: Experts have ranked May 2019 as one of the wettest Mays on record in central Illinois. Is it possible that the incidence of mosquito-borne illnesses increases with the amount of rainfall? To find out, News Bureau science writer Ananya Sen asked Brian F. Allan, an entomology professor at the University of Illinois.
What kinds of mosquitos are present in Illinois and what diseases do they carry?
Dozens of species of mosquitoes occur in Illinois, although humans typically encounter only a subset of these. The main mosquito-borne diseases of concern include West Nile virus, St. Louis encephalitis, La Crosse encephalitis and Eastern equine and Western equine encephalitis. The mosquitoes that pose the greatest health threat in Illinois are members of the genus Culex, which transmit West Nile virus.
Recently, an invasive species called the Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus) has spread throughout much of the state, including Champaign-Urbana. Globally, it is an important vector of diseases such as dengue virus and Zika virus, but in Illinois it is primarily a nuisance species since these diseases are not reported to be transmitted by mosquitoes here and it is an aggressive biter of humans in the daytime.
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Photo credits: L. Brian Stauffer
Editor: Ananya Sen, MCB