Department of
Plant Biology
Plant Biology Greenhouse, University of Illinois

Economic Important Plants

Have you ever wondered where coffee, chocolate or various spices, foods and fibers come from?  In other words, what is an economically important plant?  Here at the Plant Biology Conservatory and Plant Collections there are numerous plants that have economic importance to human society.

All Spice -1403 (Pimenta Dioica)

Banana -Conservatory (Musa Sp.)

Bay -1403 (Laurus nobilis)

Betel Palm -1403 (Areca catechu)

Black Pepper -1403 (Piper nigrum)

Cardamom -1403 (Elettaria Cardamomum)

Carob -1403 (Ceratonia Siliqua)

Chocolate -1403 (Theobroma Cacao)

Coffee -1403 (Coffea Arabica)

Ephedra -1403 (Ephedra spp.)

Fig -1403 (Ficus Carica)

Ginger -1403 (Zingiber Officinale)

Henna -1403 (Lawsonia inermis)

Japanase Star Anise -1403 (Illicium Anisatum)

Macadamia -1403 (Macadamia Integrifolia)

Mango -1403 (Mangifera indica)

Mate -1403 (Ilex paraguariensis)

Olive -1403 (Olea europa)

Papyrus -1403 (Cyperus papyrus)

Pineapple -1413 (Ananas Comosus)

Rosemary -1403 (Rosmarinus Officinalis)

Taro -1403 (Colocasia esculenta)

Vanilla -1413 (Vanilla Planifolia)