Dr. Atul Jain’s research focuses on climate interactions with the land physical (hydrology and energy), biological processes (carbon and nitrogen), and the land use/cover changes (LULCC), including agricultural intensification, and how these interactions affect surface processes that exchange energy, water and major GHGs (CO2, CH4, and N2O) between surface and the atmosphere, and contribute to climate change and variability. To conduct this research, Dr. Jain and his students and other lab members have developed and applied a global model-data integration framework, ISAM, in combination with satellite and ground-based observation data at regional and global scales.
Some recent research challenges on which his research lab members have focused on include (1) the impact of LULCC on biogeophysics (water, energy) and biogeochemistry (carbon and nitrogen), (2) climatic effect on permafrost soil carbon storage, (3) CH4 and N2O emissions from wetland and dryland, (4) synergistic effects of environmental ([CO2] and climate), management (irrigation and nitrogen input), and extreme climate events on agricultural crop production, and (5) spatially explicit production- and consumption-based GHG emissions worldwide from the plant- and animal-based human food.
Dr. Jain has won numerous awards and honors, including the National Science Foundation’s Faculty Early Career Development Award. He has served as a lead and contributing author for major assessments of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). He is the author of over 175 scientific articles, including highly cited articles in Nature and Science. Clarivate Analytics (formerly Thomson Reuters) has listed Dr Jain as one of the "Most Highly Cited” Researchers, and Reuters has listed him as one of the “World’s Top Climate Scientists”.
Ph.D. Atmospheric Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology
Additional Campus Affiliations
Professor, Atmospheric Sciences
Professor, Center for Global Studies
Professor, Center for South Asian and Middle Eastern Studies
Fernández-Martínez, M., Peñuelas, J., Chevallier, F., Ciais, P., Obersteiner, M., Rödenbeck, C., Sardans, J., Vicca, S., Yang, H., Sitch, S., Friedlingstein, P., Arora, V. K., Goll, D. S., Jain, A. K., Lombardozzi, D. L., McGuire, P. C., & Janssens, I. A. (2023). Diagnosing destabilization risk in global land carbon sinks. Nature, 615(7954), 848-853. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-023-05725-1
Jain, A. K. (2023). Greenhouse gas emissions from nitrogen fertilizers. Nature Food, 4(2), 139-140. https://doi.org/10.1038/s43016-023-00706-z
Kicklighter, D. W., Lin, T. S., Zhang, J., Chen, M., Vörösmarty, C. J., Jain, A. K., & Melillo, J. M. (2023). Influence of forest infrastructure on the responses of ecosystem services to climate extremes in the Midwest and Northeast United States from 1980 to 2019. Frontiers in Environmental Science, 11, Article 1069451. https://doi.org/10.3389/fenvs.2023.1069451
Kou-Giesbrecht, S., Arora, V. K., Seiler, C., Arneth, A., Falk, S., Jain, A. K., Joos, F., Kennedy, D., Knauer, J., Sitch, S., O'Sullivan, M., Pan, N., Sun, Q., Tian, H., Vuichard, N., & Zaehle, S. (2023). Evaluating nitrogen cycling in terrestrial biosphere models: a disconnect between the carbon and nitrogen cycles. Earth System Dynamics, 14(4), 767-795. https://doi.org/10.5194/esd-14-767-2023
Li, J., Bevacqua, E., Wang, Z., Sitch, S., Arora, V., Arneth, A., Jain, A. K., Goll, D., Tian, H., & Zscheischler, J. (2023). Hydroclimatic extremes contribute to asymmetric trends in ecosystem productivity loss. Communications Earth and Environment, 4(1), Article 197. https://doi.org/10.1038/s43247-023-00869-4